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TitleCharacteristics of Three Midfielders in a Three-Man Midfield
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Table of Contents
                            Part 1: "Characteristics of 3 Midfielders in a 3-Man Midfield" by Max Allegri
Part 2: "Characteristics of 3 Midfielders in a 3-Man Midfield" by Max Allegri
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 3

 For example, when the opposing team begins a play, the number 4/regista has to allow time for
the two wingers, numbers 7 and 11, to come out, and for the numbers 8 and 10 midfielders to cut
inside forward. At the same time, number 9 goes to close down the possibility of back pass from
the opponent's D player to his teammate, C.

Important: When the team finishes its play, the regista/number 4 has a duty to immediately recall the two
midfielders and three attackers to place themselves in their proper positions to be able to win the ball
back.

 In a case when three attackers are cut out of the ball recovery phase, the behavior of the three
midfielders and four defenders will be as follows:

1. Don't jump out but slow down the opponent's action by rotating.

2. The number 8 comes out on his rival number 3 outside man, number 4 takes the place of number
8, and number 10, by dropping down, pushes toward the center.

In the situation where you have to defend with six defenders on an attack with the ball in the middle,
likewise:

1. Don't jump out but slow down the pace.

2. The regista/number 4 looks to put himself in the shadow of his rival, A, who has the ball, limiting
his time and space of play. And calling for number 8 to cover him from behind while the back four
defenders remain compact.

The number 4, "the regista", must also be endowed with:

 Good technique to be able to give time of play to his team.

 An outstanding positional sense (without tactics) to be able to play short balls when there is a
need to move the ball around. And therefore always be able to lose his marker in such a way to
play a role as a point of reference for all of his other teammates.

 An outstanding long and precise kick to be able to quickly transform a defensive play into an
offensive one (such as the counterattack), or above all, to be able to change the line of play when
his team is being pressed. Lastly, to be able to easily find the opposite part of the pitch where the
rival team is presumably less covered.

 He must also be capable of pushing the ball up quickly to create chances and must never lose his
position. Because in the non-possession phase, he can offer cover (he acts as a screen) for your
defenders by looking to go forward to block vertical or diagonal plays by opposing players,
defenders or midfielders, who are in favor of their own attackers.

 A great technical sense, therefore, seems to be the most relevant specific quality for a footballer
who is tasked with these duties. His offensive insertions will be few and far between during the
game. This is due not to leave the central zone of the pitch unguarded. The team expects that he
will be the one to provide balance in a nerve center of the pitch.

3. On the characteristics of the two inside midfielders (numbers 8 and 10):

Page 6

 To move about most of all in the area of the pitch in between the midfielders and
opposing defenders.

 To have good technique and dribbling skills to be able to create numerical superiority.

 Knows how to push the play up top quickly and make the last pass. (verticalize)

 Have a good shot.

 And last of all, has the proper time to make passes for eventual insertions by his
teammates.

Translator's Note

1. Mr. Allegri used the terms of regista and vertice alto, the number 10 player who in this example
lines up in the "high summit" of a triangle, in this section of his thesis. Consulting his diagrams
would provide more clarity with this concept. He also refers to players by their traditional shirt
numbers.

2. On the advantages of a 4-3-3 with a vertice basso (the number 4/regista):

In the following example, I'll discuss what are, in my opinion, the advantages of a 4-3-3 with a vertice
basso when the team has the ball compared to the 4-3-3 with the vertice alto.

If you play with a vertice basso and two inside midfielders, you have many more offensive solutions (a
greater number of players in addition to the ball). And restarts are quicker once you win the ball back such
that there are greater possibilities to carry out either lateral or central insertions with the two inside
midfielders.

Let's take a look at a few examples making reference to the items discussed above.

Mr. Allegri's example with a Number 4 (vertice basso = the low summit position) and the two inside
midfielders: (Partial replication of Figure 11)

9
11 7
10 8
4

Surely, a relatively long time happens when you are able to find balance in the central part of the pitch
which is the nerve center for every offensive or defensive play. The two inside midfielders must know how
to coordinate and alternate themselves in offensive insertions not leaving the central midfielder alone to
guard the midfield.

Translator's Notes

1. Mr. Allegri used the terms of regista and vertice basso, the number 4 player who in this example
lines up in the "low summit" of a triangle, in this section of his thesis. He also refers to players by
their traditional shirt numbers.

2. Andrea Pirlo is a good current example of a regista in the vertice basso position both at Juventus
and with the Azzurri. The literal term of regista means, "movie director," in Italian.

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