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D) CIR vs Standard Chartered Bank

G.R. 192173, July 29, 2015


On July 14, 2004, respondent received petitioner’s Formal Letter of Demand dated June 24, 2004, for
alleged deficiency income tax, final income tax FCDU, withholding tax compensation (WTC), EWT, final
withholding tax (FWT), and increments for taxable year 1998 in the aggregate amount of P33,326,211.37.

On August 12, 2004, respondent protested the said assessment by filing a letter-protest dated August 9,
2004 addressed to the BIR Deputy Commissioner for Large Taxpayers’ Service stating the factual and legal
bases of the assessment, and requested that it be withdrawn and cancelled.

Petitioner at present, has not rendered a decision on the respondent’s protest, Therefore, in view of this
inaction, respondent filed the present petition for review.

In its Supplemental Petition for Review, (respondent) seeks to be fully credited of the payments it made to
cover the deficiency (WTC) and (FWT).

Finding merit in respondent’s motion, the same was granted.

Thereafter, the parties (petitioner and respondent) were ordered to file their simultaneous memoranda, after
which, the case shall be deemed submitted for decision.

The CTA in division ruled in favor of the respondent, granting its petition for the cancellation and setting
aside the Formal Letter of Demand and Assessment served upon them on the ground that petitioner’s right
to assess as already barred by prescription. It also denied petitioners motion for reconsideration.

Petitioner then appealed to the CTA en banc by filing a petition for review and the CTA en banc affirmed in
toto both the aforesaid decision and Resolution rendered by the CTA in division.


Whether or not petitioner’s right to assess respondent for deficiency income tax, final income tax – FCDU,
and EWT covering taxable year 1998 has already prescribed.


Under Sec. 203 of the NIRC, the period for petitioner to assess and collect an internal revenue tax is limited
only to three years. Thus, in the present case, petitioner only had three years, counted from the date of
actual filing of the return or from the last date prescribed by law for the filing of such return, whichever
comes later, to assess a national internal revenue tax or to begin a court proceeding for the collection
thereof without an assessment. There are however exceptions to this rule as the provision authorizes the
extension of the original three-year prescriptive period by the execution of a valid waiver, where the
taxpayer and the Commissioner of Internal Revenue (CIR) may stipulate to extend the period of assessment
by a written agreement executed prior to the lapse of the period prescribed by law, and by subsequent
written agreements before the expiration of the period previously agreed upon.

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