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TitleDifference Between IT and Ict
TagsInternet Computer Network Web Server Educational Technology Supercomputer
File Size203.9 KB
Total Pages6
Table of Contents
                            Difference between IT, ICT and ILT
Icons Highlight Functions of Ohio Supercomputer Center
	Re-branding effort reflects Center’s growing roles, audiences
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Difference between IT, ICT and ILT

Posted by Nobal Niraula ( ननवल ननररलल ) Sunday, January 14, 2007
In present days, most sectors like production, manufacturing, etc. have
been influenced by the computing power. If we listen radio, view television
or participate in discussions, we hear the words Information Technology
(IT), Information and Communication Technology (ICT), and Information
and Learning Technology (ILT) most frequently. These words have become
like foundation-words for knowledge-based society. Unfortunately, many
of us don't know the differences between IT, ICT and ILT; especially
between IT and ICT. In this article, I try my best to make some distinction
among these words. Second, third and fourth paragraph describe IT, ICT
and ILT respectively.

We are using desktop computers for different purposes. For example,
teachers use computer to make power point slides to teach, accountant use
some accounting packages. We are familiar with the office packages for
creating documents e.g. Word file, Excel etc. In another words, in IT we
take stand-alone computer or laptop as a tool to perform our tasks.
Therefore, hardware in IT refer to the basic box and peripherals such as
scanners, printers, CD ROM, DVD drive, Pen Drive, and so on; software
includes some packages like word processors , spreadsheets, databases,
graphics and presentation package. So, one can say an expert in IT if s/he
is an expert in those items.

Now we say that we are in global village. Anyone can contact with any
person from any area of the world easily. This is possible because of the
interconnection between individual computers, mobiles, routers, laptops
etc. technically, the hosts. This networking provides the sharing of
information by means of website, e-mail, and instant messenger, and many
other services. This is because of ICT. So, ICT is defined as the
interconnection of stand-alone computers across and between institutions,
and is a general set of tools and skills that can be applied to a wide range of
organizations. Therefore, hardware include in ICT are: server machines,
interfaces, access networks, interconnecting medium (technically channels)
including wireless/wired etc. and software includes network services,

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• Important Dates
• Media Kit

infrastructure for Ohio education, research, industry and state
government. The center promotes and stimulates computational research
and education, acting as a key enabler for the state’s aspirations in
advanced technology information systems and advanced industries.

“In re-branding our organization, we took into account that the center
today is filling a much broader role as a catalyst for research and
innovation across Ohio,” Ahalt explained. “It is important that we
represent the center in a way that is absolutely clear and understandable
for individuals across the many diverse groups with which we now

In addition to an inventory of supercomputers that has continuously
evolved with the rapid advance of technology over the last two decades,
much else has changed at the center. A unification of OSC and the Ohio
Academic Resource Network (OARnet), which linked Ohio’s colleges
and universities with a telecommunications network, resulted in the
development of the networking arm of the center, now known as
OSCnet. Also, the center created a robust research division, where
scientists use the resources of the Ohio Supercomputer Center to
conduct investigations into fields such as life sciences and homeland

A renewed focus on service to industry and job creation has resulted in
initiatives such as Blue Collar Computing and the Ralph Regula School
of Computational Science. Blue Collar Computing is an effort to supply
supercomputing to small- and medium-sized industries that do not have
the time, capital or expertise to invest in such specialized resources. The
Ralph Regula School is a collaborative initiative of the center with
several colleges and universities to instruct students in advanced
computer modeling and simulation, which industries use to solve
complex business, technical and academic research problems.

And, in 2004, the Ohio Supercomputer Center launched OSCnet
(formerly the Third Frontier Network), the nation’s most advanced
fiber-optic network dedicated to education, health care and economic
development. OSCnet provides connectivity and computing resources to
K-12 education, colleges and universities, hospitals, public broadcasting
stations and local, state and federal research centers in the state.

“In years past, the Center was represented by a single logo, but we also

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