Download FM 3-05.132 Army Special Operations Forces Chemical, Biological, Radiological, And Nuclear Operations PDF

TitleFM 3-05.132 Army Special Operations Forces Chemical, Biological, Radiological, And Nuclear Operations
TagsNerve Agent Chemical Warfare Weapons Of Mass Destruction Biological Warfare Cbrn Defense
File Size2.3 MB
Total Pages114
Table of Contents
                            Cover
Contents
Preface
Chapter 1: Introduction
	ARSOF CBRN MISSION
	PASSIVE DEFENSE
	ACTIVE DEFENSE
	OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS
	SPECTRUM OF CONFLICT
	OPERATING ENVIRONMENTS AND POTENTIAL CBRN THREATS
	CBRN SUPPORT AVAILABLE AT DIRECT REPORTING UNITS
Chapter 2: Special Forces Group Chemical Detachments
	CHEMICAL RECONNAISSANCE DETACHMENT
	CHEMICAL DECONTAMINATION DETACHMENT
	CBRN STAFF ELEMENTS
Chapter 3: 75th Ranger Regiment Decontamination and Reconnaissance Teams
	MISSION
	MANNING
	COMMAND RELATIONSHIPS
	CBRN STAFF ELEMENTS
Chapter 4: 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment
	CBRN STAFF ELEMENTS
	CHEMICAL DEFENSE
	NUCLEAR DEFENSE
	DECONTAMINATION
Chapter 5: Site Exploitation Support
	PHASES OF A SITE EXPLOITATION OPERATION
	SITE EXPLOITATION SUPPORT
	SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES SITE EXPLOITATION COLLECTION TEAMS
	EXPLOITATION ANALYSIS CENTER—ORGANIC
	EMPLOYMENT
Chapter 6: CBRN Staff Considerations and Planning Tools
	MISSION ANALYSIS
	MISSION PLANNING
	CBRN STAFF RESPONSIBILITIES
	MISSION PREPARATION
	PLANNING FOR CBRN SUPPORT AND INTERFACE
Chapter 7: Passive Defense Operations
	CONTAMINATION AVOIDANCE
	INDIVIDUAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
	COLLECTIVE PROTECTION
	EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS
	DECONTAMINATION
Appendix A: Unit and CBRN Organic Support
Appendix B: Personal Protective Equipment
Appendix C: Advanced CBRN Training
Appendix D: CBRN Sampling Techniques and Procedures
Appendix E: Special Operations Forces Element Decontamination Options
Glossary
References
Index
Authentication
PIN
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

FM 3-05.132


Army Special Operations Forces Chemical,
Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Operations




November 2009









DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Distribution authorized to U.S. Government agencies and their contractors only
to protect technical or operational information from automatic dissemination under the International Exchange
Program or by other means. This determination was made on 30 October 2009. Other requests for this document
must be referred to Commander, United States Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School,
ATTN: AOJK-DTD-JA, Fort Bragg, NC 28310-9610, or by e-mail to [email protected]

DESTRUCTION NOTICE: Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of the
document.

FOREIGN DISCLOSURE RESTRICTION (FD 6): This publication has been reviewed by the product developers in
coordination with the United States Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School foreign disclosure
authority. This product is releasable to students from foreign countries on a case-by-case basis only.

Headquarters, Department of the Army

Page 2

This publication is available at
Army Knowledge Online (www.us.army.mil) and
General Dennis J. Reimer Training and Doctrine

Digital Library at (www.train.army.mil).


https://akocomm.us.army.mil/usapa/doctrine/Active_FM.html

Page 57

30 November 2009 FM 3-05.132 A-1

Appendix A

Unit and CBRN Organic Support

COMMON DETECTION EQUIPMENT
1. Chemical Agent Detector Paper, M8. National Stock Number (NSN): 6665-00-05-0829. M8 is

chemically treated, dye impregnated paper. It detects liquid V and G (nerve), and H (blister) CW agents. It
does not detect vapors or agents in water. Exposure to liquid insecticides, antifreeze, and petroleum
products may cause false readings (Navy nonasset).

2. Chemical Agent Detector Paper, M9. NSN: 6665-01-049-8982, Technical Manual (TM) 3-4230-229-10.
M9 detector paper detects the presence of liquid chemical agents (nerve and blister), but does not identify the
specific agent or its type. M9 paper reacts to CW agents by turning a reddish color. Exposure to liquid
insecticides, antifreeze, and petroleum products may cause false readings. The paper can be attached with an
adhesive back.

3. Chemical Agent Automatic Alarm, M8A1. NSN: 6665-01-105-5623, TM 3-6665-312-12&P. The M8A1
is a nerve agent alarm. The system consists of the M43A1 detector, as many as five M42 alarm units, and
various power supplies.

4. Remote Sensing Chemical Agent Alarm, M21. NSN: 6665-01-302-1968. The M21 is a two-man-portable,
passive infrared sensor that detects nerve and blister agent vapor clouds from a distance of 3 to 5 kilometers.
It can be used for reconnaissance and surveillance missions. It consists of a detector, tripod, M42 remote
alarm unit, transit case, power cable assembly, and standard military power source (Air Force [AF]
nonasset).

5. Automatic Chemical Agent Detection Alarm, M22. The M22 is an advanced point-sampling, chemical
agent alarm system. It detects standard nerve and vesicant agents. The system consists of the detector, as
many as five alarm units, and various power supplies. This system replaces the M8A1 alarm in most SOF
units (Navy special operations forces [NAVSOF] nonasset).

6. CBRN Reconnaissance System FOX, M93A1. NSN 6665-01-323-2582, FM 3-11.3, Multiservice
Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Contamination
Avoidance. The FOX (M93A1) is a fully integrated CBRN reconnaissance system with a dedicated system
of CBRN detection, warning, and sampling equipment integrated into a high-speed, high-mobility armored
carrier. Its components include a Mobile Mass Spectrometer (NAVSOF and AF nonasset).

7. Biological Integrated Detection System (BIDS). NSN 6665-01392-6191, TM 3-666-F349-12&P. The
BIDS is a self-contained biological detection lab mounted on a high-mobility multipurpose wheeled
vehicle (HMMWV). It has sample detectors, identification equipment, navigation devices, weather sensors,
and communication links. The BIDS is an Army Corps-level asset (SOF nonasset).

8. Chemical Agent Detector Kit, M256A2. NSN: 6665-01-563-7473, TM 3-6665-426-10. The M256A2
chemical agent detector kit is designed to detect and identify blood (AC and CK), blister (H, HN, HD, CX,
and L), and nerve (V and G series) agents, and consists of a carrying case, 12 sampler-detectors, instruction
cards, and M8 paper.

9. Water Testing Kit for Chemical Agents, M272. NSN 6665-01-134-0885, TM 3-6665-319-10. The M272
is a lightweight, portable kit that detects and identifies harmful amounts of CW agents present in raw and
treated water. It detects AC, HD, L, and nerve agents (Navy nonasset).

10. Chemical Agent Monitor (CAM). NSN: 6665-01-199-4153. The CAM is used to search and locate
contamination, specifically nerve and blister agents. It is a battery-operated, portable-point monitoring
system. It cannot realistically assess the vapor hazard over an area from one point. It weighs 8.6 pounds
(AF nonasset).

11. Individual Chemical Agent Detector (ICAD). NSN 6665-01-340-1693. The ICAD is a miniature chemical
agent detector for nerve, blood, choking, and vesicant/blister agents. The ICAD has a slower detection

Page 58

Appendix A

A-2 FM 3-05.132 30 November 2009

response time for some agents and may not be suitable for individual force protection missions in certain
roles (Army and AF nonasset).

12. Improved Chemical Agent Monitor (ICAM). NSN 6665-01-357-8502. The ICAM merges two
improvements to the CAM. These improvements are a modular design and an updated electronics board.
The modular design significantly reduces repair time (NAVSOF and AF nonasset).

COMMON PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
1. Protective Mask, M24. NSN 4240-00-808-8799, TM 3-4240-280-10. The M24 mask protects personnel

in aircraft and on the ground against all known CB aerosols and vapors. It can be attached to the aircraft
oxygen system using an M8 adapter kit (AF and NAVSOF nonasset).

2. Protective Mask, M40A1. NSN 4240-01-258-0061, TM 3-4240-342-10. The M40A1 mask protects
against CB agents, radioactive fallout particles, and battlefield contaminants. It has a silicone face piece,
binocular lens system, voicemitter, drink tube, clear and tinted inserts, and standard thread filter canister.

3. Combat Vehicle Crewman Mask, M42. NSN 4240-01-258-0065, TM 3-4240-342-10. The M42-series
mask has the same components as the M40 with an additional built-in microphone for wire
communications. The filter canister is attached to the end of the hose with an adapter for the chemical
protective filter unit (CPFU) connection (AF and Navy nonasset).

4. Aircrew Protective Mask, M43. NSN 4240-01-208-6966. The M43 mask has a form-fitting, butyl-rubber
facepiece with a lens mounted close to the eyes, an integrated hood with a skull-type suspension system, a
portable battery or power-operated blower and filter system, and an inhalation air distribution assembly
(AF and Navy nonasset).

5. General Aviator Protective Mask, M48, NSN 4240-01-386-4686, TM 3-4240-342-20&P; M49, NSN
4240-01-413-4096, TM 3-4240-342-20&P. The M48 and M49 masks are an upgrade of the M43 Type I
mask. Its improved blower is chest-mounted. The blower is lighter, less bulky, and battery-powered (AF
and Navy nonasset).

6. Protection Assessment Test System (PATS), M41. NSN 4240-01-0365-8241, FM 3-11.4. The M41 is
used to check the face seal of protective masks (NAVSOF nonasset).

7. Aircrew Uniform Integrated Battlefield (AUIB). The AUIB is a standard combat uniform for aircrews.
It replaces both the battle dress overgarment (BDO) and the NOMEX flight suit, and provides CBRN and
flame protection (AF and NAVSOF nonasset).

8. BDO. NSN 8415-01-137-1704, FM 3-11.4. The BDO is a camouflage, expendable, two-piece
overgarment. It protects for 24 hours against chemical agent vapors, liquid droplets, biological agents, and
radioactive particles. Maximum wear time is 30 days in an uncontaminated environment (NAVSOF
nonasset).

9. Chemical Protective Glove Set. NSN 8415-01-033-3518. This protective glove set consists of an outer
butyl-rubber glove and an inner cotton insert.

10. Chemical Protective Footwear Cover (CPFC). NSN 8430-01-021-5978, FM 3-11.4. CPFCs are
impermeable and have unsupported butyl-rubber soles and uppers. Two variations are fielded: one with a
single-heel flap, and the other with the newer fishtail double-heel flap (NAVSOF nonasset).

11. Green/Black Vinyl Overboot (GVO/BVO). NSN 8430-01-048-6305. The GVO is olive-drab with elastic
fasteners. It protects against CBRN agents, rain, mud, or snow. The BVO is very similar, except it is black
with enlarged tabs on each elastic fastener.

12. Joint Services Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology (JSLIST). The JSLIST program, a four-Service
effort to field a common chemical protective ensemble, has produced a new protective overgarment that is
currently being fielded. Testing continues on the glove and boot. Program objectives include reduced heat
stress, compatibility with all interfacing equipment, longer wear, and washability.

13. Simplified Collective Protective Equipment (SCPE), M20A1. NSN 4240-01-166-2254, FM 3-11.4. The
SCPE consists of an expandable liner, blower/motor assembly, protective entrance, support kit, and
replacement liners. It is lightweight and mobile, allowing for the conversion of existing structures into
protected C2 centers (AF and Marine nonasset).

Page 113

FM 3-05.132
30 November 2009




By Order of the Secretary of the Army:






GEORGE W. CASEY, JR.
General, United States Army

Chief of Staff





Official:


JOYCE E. MORROW
Administrative Assistant to the
Secretary of the Army

0931703





DISTRIBUTION:

Active Army, Army National Guard, and U.S. Army Reserve: To be distributed in accordance with
initial distribution number 115859, requirements for FM 3-05.132.

Page 114

PIN: 084325-000

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