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TitleGateway B1 Workbook
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Total Pages129
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Gateway is a multi-level course for students working towards their
school-leaving examinations. By developing language and study
skills and promoting learner confidence and independence.
Gateway prepares students for their exams and for life beyond
the classroom.

Key features of the workbook include:

• Vocabulary and Grammar extension activities which develop
and reinforce students' language skills

• Developing speaking and supported writing sections which
develop key skills for exam success

• Revision units which provide opportunities for self-assessment
• Progress tests which enable students to monitor cumulative

progress throughout the course

Key features of the Gateway dictionary:
• Includes all vocabulary from the Student's Book, Workbook and

other key vocabulary common in school leaving exam topics.
• The most important words are highlighted in red and graded for

frequency of use
• Real examples show students exactly how words

are used in a wide variety of situations
• Clear, simple definitions make the dictionary fully

accessible to Bl learners
• All words and definitions taken from the Macmillan

Essential Dictionary

Essentiz

! AI A2 Bl B2 1EJ

www.macmillandi

-0-230-72345-0

MACMILLAN
www.macmillanenglish.com www.MacmillanPracticeOnline.com/gateway

0"7 2 3 4 5 0'

http://www.macmillandi
http://www.macmillanenglish.com
http://www.MacmillanPracticeOnline.com/gateway

Page 64

in « к .и • „тшт • j •" I i ll«M и 'Шт^ЯтШЩЩШЩЯт* mini I

evelopmg speaking
Asking about a job

1 Put the words in order t o make po l i te requests.

1 me you starts Can tell j ob when the ?

2 if I need Could you any ask experience ?

3 you tell me apply how Could I can ?

4 we you do me tell to what have Can ?

5 Could the wages I ask what are basic ?

6 you me tell Can address your what is ?

2 Comple te the d ia logue w i t h the po l i te requests in 1.

H O L I D A Y C A M P O R G A N I S E R : Good afternoon?

T E E N A G E R : Good afternoon. I'm calling about a j o b that was

in the newspaper yesterday. Could I ask for some

information?

H O L I D A Y C A M P O R G A N I S E R : Certainly.

T E E N A G E R : Thanks, (a)

H O L I D A Y C A M P O R G A N I S E R : Yes. It begins on 1 s t July and it

finishes on 3 1 s t July. .

T E E N A G E R : Oh, I see. (b)

H O L I D A Y C A M P O R G A N I S E R : Well, you have to give some sports

lessons in the morn ing , and then in the afternoon

you take groups of children on excursions or you

organise games and competi t ions w i th them.

T E E N A G E R : I see. (c)

HOLIDAY CAMP ORGANISER: It's not essential, but we prefer

people who've done similar work before.

TEENAGER: I understand, (d)

H O L I D A Y C A M P O R G A N I S E R : It's £150 a week, and lunch is

included.

T E E N A G E R : (e)

H O L I D A Y C A M P O R G A N I S E R : It's easy. You just need to send a

letter of application and CV to me and then I'll call

people for interviews.

T E E N A G E R : That's great, (f)

H O L I D A Y C A M P O R G A N I S E R : Yes, it's

Describing photos

3 Look at the pho to and answer the quest ions. If you are not
sure of someth ing , use / think and/or / imagine.

4 Use t h e quest ions in 3 t o t h i nk o f th ings t o say about this
pho to . Make notes and then practise orally.

U n i t 7

Page 65

r Developing wri t ing

A letter of application and CV

1 Read this letter o f app l i ca t ion . What t ype o f j o b do you t h i n k
Benjamin Mar t in wants? Do you t h i n k he is a g o o d person for A s У о и w i l 1 s e e
the job?

I l o o k f o r w a r d to h e a r i n g f r o m y o u

12 Sef ton Street
Sunderland

SU7 8BV

M s Susan Nicholson

72 H i l l R o a d

Birmingham

B06 3NJ 7 t h February 2011

Dear Ms Nicholson,

I a m w r i t i n g i n r e s p o n s e t o your advertisement in

The Birmingham Sun. I w o u l d l i k e t o apply for the j ob wh ich

you advertised in this newspaper on 5 t h February

I enclose a C V wi th information about myself, inc luding

education and work experience. A s y o u w i l l see, tennis is

one of my m a m h o b t t e s and mterests. I have exper ience of

giving tennis lessons and of w o r k i n g w i th children. I also think

that I am patient, well-organised and hard-working.

I l o o k f o r w a r d to h e a r i n g f r o m y o u .

Yours s i n c e r e l y ,

benjamin Martin

Benjamin Mar t in

2 Look at the words and expressions in bo ld . Explain w h y they
are impo r t an t in letters of app l i ca t ion .

12 Sefton Street We write our own address in the lop

ши£с#гиек I

M s

72 H i l l R o a d

Put t he headings in the correct place in the CV.

1 Interests
2 Education and qualifications
3 General information
4 Work experience

C U R R I C U L U M V I T A E

Benjamin Mar t in

A

1 .. 20/7/1992
2 British
3 Single

12 Sefton Street, Sunderland, SU7 8BV
(mobi le) 0567 123 4567

6 (home) 651 10 11 12
7

[email protected] .com

В

Summerf ie ld School, Sunderland

A levels m English Literature, French and Economics

С

July 2010 W o r k e d at Foxton Tennis C lub g iv ing lessons о "

5-10 year olds

July 2009 W o r k e d at Knightley Tennis Club as assistant

D
Tennis

Reading

G o o d knowledge of computers

D e a r
4 Now pu t t he specific t i t les in the correct place in the CV.

1 Permanent address
2 Email
3 Nationality
4 Telephone
5 Marital status
6 Telephone
7 Date of birth

5 Take a piece o f paper and wr i t e ou t your o w n CV. Use the
comp le t ed CV on this page as a mode l .

4 Now pu t t he specific t i t les in the correct place in the CV.

1 Permanent address
2 Email
3 Nationality
4 Telephone
5 Marital status
6 Telephone
7 Date of birth

5 Take a piece o f paper and wr i t e ou t your o w n CV. Use the
comp le t ed CV on this page as a mode l .

4 Now pu t t he specific t i t les in the correct place in the CV.

1 Permanent address
2 Email
3 Nationality
4 Telephone
5 Marital status
6 Telephone
7 Date of birth

5 Take a piece o f paper and wr i t e ou t your o w n CV. Use the
comp le t ed CV on this page as a mode l .

I a m w r i t i n g i n r e s p o n s e to

4 Now pu t t he specific t i t les in the correct place in the CV.

1 Permanent address
2 Email
3 Nationality
4 Telephone
5 Marital status
6 Telephone
7 Date of birth

5 Take a piece o f paper and wr i t e ou t your o w n CV. Use the
comp le t ed CV on this page as a mode l .

4 Now pu t t he specific t i t les in the correct place in the CV.

1 Permanent address
2 Email
3 Nationality
4 Telephone
5 Marital status
6 Telephone
7 Date of birth

5 Take a piece o f paper and wr i t e ou t your o w n CV. Use the
comp le t ed CV on this page as a mode l .

4 Now pu t t he specific t i t les in the correct place in the CV.

1 Permanent address
2 Email
3 Nationality
4 Telephone
5 Marital status
6 Telephone
7 Date of birth

5 Take a piece o f paper and wr i t e ou t your o w n CV. Use the
comp le t ed CV on this page as a mode l .

I w o u l d l i k e t o

4 Now pu t t he specific t i t les in the correct place in the CV.

1 Permanent address
2 Email
3 Nationality
4 Telephone
5 Marital status
6 Telephone
7 Date of birth

5 Take a piece o f paper and wr i t e ou t your o w n CV. Use the
comp le t ed CV on this page as a mode l .

4 Now pu t t he specific t i t les in the correct place in the CV.

1 Permanent address
2 Email
3 Nationality
4 Telephone
5 Marital status
6 Telephone
7 Date of birth

5 Take a piece o f paper and wr i t e ou t your o w n CV. Use the
comp le t ed CV on this page as a mode l .

U n i t 7

mailto:[email protected]

Page 128

u n t i d y w i l d

u n t i d y /An ' taidi/ adj 1 not ar ranged i n a way that is t idy : an untidy
desk 2 not keeping th ings t idy: He's always criticising me for
being untidy.

/лп]шзиэ1/ adj 1 not no rma l , common or o rd ina ry :
You're in a very unusual situation. 2 different f rom other people
or th ings i n a way that is in terest ing, a t t ract ive or impressive:
The designers have chosen unusual colour combinations.

/Ap'set/ adj 1 sad, w o r r i e d or angry about something: Why
are you so upset? 2 i f your stomach is upset, you have an i l lness
affecting your stomach, usual ly caused by something that you
have eaten or d r u n k : Phone and tell them you've got an upset
stomach, verb [T] to make someone feel sad, w o r r i e d or angry :
I'm sorry, I didn't mean to upset you.

/'з:Ьэп/ adj r e l a t ing to towns and cities: People moved to the
urban areas for jobs.

/'3:d3(a)nt/ adj urgent th ings are th ings that you need to
deal w i t h immediate ly: He had some urgent business to attend to.

U S B p o r t / j u : es 'bi: pa:t/ noun [C] a place on a computer where you
can attach a cable for connect ing a pr in ter , keyboard, modem etc

/'ju:sf(d)l/ adj helpful for doing or achieving something:
a useful tool/technique/gadget

V
v a c a n c y /'veikansi/ noun [C] 1 a job that is available: We have several

vacancies to fill in the Sales Department. 2 a room i n a hotel that
is available: We have no vacancies at all during July.

/'vadi/ noun [ci a low area of l and between two mounta ins
or h i l l s , often w i t h a r ive r f lowing t h r o u g h i t : Their house has
wonderful views across the valley.

v a n d a l /"vaend(ad/ noun [C] someone who deliberately damages or
destroys th ings , especially public p roper ty

v a n d a l i s e /'vaenda.laiz/ verb [T] to deliberately damage or destroy
things, especially public proper ty

/va'raiati/ noun [singular] a number of different people
or th ings : Adults study for a variety of reasons, noun [С] a
pa r t i cu l a r type of t h i n g : a new variety of tomato

/'vearias/ adj several different: There are various ways
of solving the problem.

v e g e t a r i a n /,ved3a'tearian/ adj re la t ing to or intended for
vegetarians: a vegetarian diet/cookbook/restaurant

/'УЗ:/(Э)П/ noun [C] a fo rm of something that is different
f rom other forms or f rom the o r i g i n a l : The software comes in
several different versions.

/ ' v ik t im/ noun [C] 1 someone who has been ha rmed or
k i l l e d as the result of a c r ime: a murder victim 2 someone who
has been affected by something such as an accident or i l lness:
flood/earthquake victims

/Vaialans/ noun [U] 1 v iolent behaviour: acts of violence
2 a s t rong force that something has, often one that causes a lot of
damage: the violence of the storm

/'vaialant/ adj 1 us ing physical force to h u r t people
or damage proper ty: There were several violent incidents on the
streets. 2 a violent w i n d , s torm or explosion happens w i t h a lot of
force and causes serious damage

/'vairas/ noun [C] 1 a ve ry smal l l i v i n g t h i n g that can enter
your body and make you i l l , or a disease or i l lness caused by
th is : Malaria is caused by a virus. 2 a p rogram that enters your
computer and damages or destroys i n fo rma t ion that you have
stored: Most viruses are spread over the Internet.

v o c a t i o n a l /vau'keif(a)nal/ adj r e la t ing to the sk i l l s that you need for
a pa r t i cu l a r job: a vocational course/qualification

v o l l e y b a l l /'vDli,bad/ noun [u] a sport i n w h i c h two teams use t he i r
hands and arms to h i t a ba l l to each other over a h i g h net

v o w e l /'vaual/ noun [C] one of the letters a, e, i , о or u , or the sounds
that they represent

ж m\ m

/weid3/ noun [C] a regular amount of money that you earn
for work ing : a daily/hourly/weekly wage

w a i t i n g r o o m /'weitin ,ru:m/ noun [C] a room where you wait for
something such as a t r a i n , or for someone such as a doctor to be
ready to see you

w a l k i n g s t i c k /"wutkirj ,stik/ noun [c] a stick that some people use to
help them to wa lk

/weist/ verb [T] to use more of something than is necessary,
or to use i t i n a way that does not produce the best results: There
were accusations that the government was wasting public money.

w a t e r /'wa:ta/ verb [T] to pour water on plants i n order to keep them
healthy verb т 1 i f your eyes water, tears form i n them because
something is h u r t i n g them 2 i f your mouth waters when you see
or smell nice food, saliva begins to form i n your mouth

/weiv/ noun [C] 1 a l ine of water that rises up on the surface
of a sea, lake or r iver : The boat was smashed by a huge wave. 2 a
movement that you make w i t h your hand or w i t h an object as a
way of saying hello or goodbye to someone or as a signal to them
verb [l/T] to move your hand i n order to say hello or goodbye: He
smiled and waved when he saw me. verb Dl to move something
around i n the air : People clapped and cheered and children waved
flags.

/wi:k/ adj 1 l ack ing physical strength or good health: The
illness had left him too weak to speak. 2 l acking determination and
easily persuaded to do something that you should not do: weak,
indecisive leadership 3 bad i n qual i ty or abi l i ty : Her written work
is good, but her oral skills are rather weak.

/'wkknas/ noun [U] the state or condit ion of being
weak: the increasing weakness of the government noun [C] a fault
or problem that makes someone or something less effective
or at tract ive: They listed the strengths and weaknesses of their
product.

w e a l t h y /'wel9i/ adj r i c h : a wealthy businessman
w e b c a m /'web.kaem/ noun [C] a camera that is connected to a

computer and produces images on a website

w e b s i t e /'web,sait/ noun [C] a place on the Internet where information
is available about a pa r t i cu la r subject, company, univers i ty etc

w e d d i n g a n n i v e r s a r y /'wedin aeni'v3:sari/ noun [C] a celebration of the
number of years that two people have been mar r i ed

/weit/ noun [U] a measurement of how heavy a person or
t h i n g is: It was about 12 pounds in weight, noun [C] a piece of
heavy metal that is designed for l i f t i n g for exercise or as a sport

w e l l - b e h a v e d /,wel bi'heivd/ adj behaving i n a way that is polite and
quiet and does not upset people

w e l l - b u i l t /,wel 'bilt/ adj a wel l-bui l t person has an attractive, strong
body

w e l l - k n o w n /'wel.naun/ adj known by many people, or by the people
involved i n a pa r t i cu la r s i tuat ion

w e l l - o f f /'welpf/ dj r i c h
w e l l - p a i d /'wel,peid/ adj receiving a satisfactory amount of money

for the work that you do

/'wispa/ verb [i/T] to speak very quiet ly to someone, so that
other people cannot hear you: Stop whispering, you two!

/haul/ adj 1 a l l of something: My whole family came to
watch me playing in the concert. 2 not divided or broken: Add three
whole eggs plus two additional yolks.

w i c k e d / 'wikid/ adj mora l ly wrong and deliberately in tending to
h u r t people

/wad/ noun [C] the woman that a man is mar r i ed to: I'd
better phone my wife and tell her I'll be late.

/waild/ adj 1 a w i l d an ima l or plant lives or grows on its
own i n na tu ra l conditions and is not raised by humans: The wild
rose is a familiar sight in woods and hedges. 2 a w i l d area is one
where people do not l ive or cannot l ive: wild, mountainous regions
3 exci t ing and enjoyable: They have some pretty wild parties.

Page 129

w i n g z o n e

/win/ noun [C] 1 one of the parts on a b i r d or insect that
move up and down and al low i t to fly: a moth's delicate wings 2 one
of the long flat parts on both sides of a plane that al low i t to f ly

/'wmtd/ noun [C/U] the season after au tumn and before
spring, when i t is usual ly cold: a cold/severe/hard winter

w i r e l e s s /'waialas/ adj not us ing wires : wireless phones

w i s d o m /'wizdam/ noun [U] the ab i l i ty to make good decisions based
on knowledge and experience: The Egyptian leader was praised
for his courage and wisdom.

/waiz/ adj 1 a wise action or decision is sensible and shows
that you have good judgment: You made a wise decision when
you chose to study Spanish. 2 a wise person is able to make good
choices and decisions because they have a lot of experience

w i t c h /witJ7 noun [C] a woman w i t h magic powers

/wi6'aut/ adv, prep used for saying what someone
or something does not have: I can't find the answer without a
calculator.

w o l f /wulf/ noun [C] a w i l d a n i m a l that looks l i ke a large dog
/Wnda / verb [i/т] to t h i n k about something because

you want to know more facts, or because you are wor r i ed : 'How
did they find out?'she wondered, verb [i] to be very impressed
or surprised by something: It's hard not to wonder at the miracle
of a newborn baby.

/'wud(a)n/ adj made of wood: a wooden box

w o r k o u t /w3:k 'aut/ phr vb 1 to do physical exercise as a way of
keeping fit 2 to f ind an answer to something by ca lcula t ing i t : Use
the chart to work out how much tax you have to pay.

t h e W o r l d W i d e W e b /бэ ,w3:id waid 'web/ noun [singular] a very large
collection of documents, pictures, sounds etc stored on computers
i n many different places and connected th rough the Internet

/'wArid/ adj nervous and upset because you are t h i n k i n g
about your problems or about bad th ings that could happen:
Everyone was very worried when John didn't show up.

w o r r y i n g /'wArim/ adj m a k i n g you feel w o r r i e d
/rasp/ verb [T] to cover someone or something by p u t t i n g

paper, cloth etc round them: Keep the cheeses fresh by wrapping
each one individually.

w r e c k /гек/ noun [C] 1 something that has been badly damaged or
is i n very bad condi t ion 2 someone who looks or feels very i l l or
t i r e d

w r i n k l e /'пг)к(э)1/ noun [C] a l ine that appears on your s k i n when you
get older, or when your s k i n has been damaged by the sun

w r i t e d o w n /rait 'daun/ phr vb to wr i t e something on a piece of paper
/'raita/ noun [C] someone who wr i tes books, stories or

ar t icles as t he i r job

X
X-ray '/eks ,rei/ noun [С] 1 a type of r ad ia t ion that is used for looking

inside th ings such as your body 2 a p ic ture of the inside of
someone's body that is taken us ing X-rays

Y
y e l l / jel/ verb [i/т] to shout loudly
y o g h u r t /'jDqa(r)t/ noun [C/u] a food made f rom m i l k that has become

t h i c k and s l igh t ly sour

/zaun/ noun [C] an area where a pa r t i cu l a r t h i n g happens: an
earthquake zone

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DICTIONARY
gHM

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