Download Guidelines on Construction Activities at Night Reviewed 2 PDF

TitleGuidelines on Construction Activities at Night Reviewed 2
TagsLighting Personal Protective Equipment Clothing Fashion & Beauty Occupational Safety And Health
File Size1.5 MB
Total Pages63
Document Text Contents
Page 1

1









Guidelines


on


Construction Activities At Night









Date: February 2009

Page 2

2

CONTENTS

1 GENERAL.................................................................................................................. 4
1.1 Introduction......................................................................................................... 4
1.2 Objective ............................................................................................................. 4
1.3 Scope................................................................................................................... 4
1.4 Normative Reference .......................................................................................... 4
1.5 Definitions........................................................................................................... 5

2 PLANNING ................................................................................................................ 9
2.1 Planning for Construction Work at Night........................................................... 9

2.1.1 Safety Management Plan for Night time Work .......................................... 9
2.2 Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Determining Control (HIRADC)13

3 SAFETY AND HEALTH PRECAUTIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES
AT NIGHT........................................................................................................................ 14

3.1 Permit to work................................................................................................... 14
3.2 Good Administrative Practices for Night time Work ....................................... 14
3.3 Good Site Management Practices for Night time Work ................................... 14
3.4 Visibility of Work Area .................................................................................... 15

3.4.1 Illumination Hazard .................................................................................. 15
3.4.2 Night time Work Illumination .................................................................. 17

3.5 Visibility of Workers ........................................................................................ 17
3.5.1 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) ...................................................... 18

3.6 Visibility of Vehicles ........................................................................................ 20
3.7 Emergency Response Plan (ERP)..................................................................... 21

3.7.1 Fire Fighting Equipments ......................................................................... 21
3.7.2 Emergency Drill Frequency...................................................................... 22

3.8 Electrical Hazard............................................................................................... 22
3.9 Drug and Alcohol Abuse .................................................................................. 23
3.10 Public Safety ..................................................................................................... 23

3.10.1 Construction Hazards to Public Safety ..................................................... 23
3.10.2 Responsibility for Public Safety ............................................................... 24

4 SAFETY AND HEALTH PRECAUTIONS FOR ROAD CONSTRUCTION AT
NIGHT .............................................................................................................................. 25

4.1 Traffic Management Plan ................................................................................. 25
4.1.1 Warning Signs........................................................................................... 26
4.1.2 Portable Changeable Message Signs (PCMS) .......................................... 27
4.1.3 Flashing arrow signs (FAS) ...................................................................... 27

4.2 Traffic Cones and Cylinders ............................................................................. 28
4.3 Temporary Barriers for Delineation.................................................................. 28
4.4 Work Area Protection Barriers ......................................................................... 28
4.5 Warning Lights ................................................................................................. 29
4.6 Arrangement of Traffic Management Devices for Road Works ...................... 30
4.7 Flaggers............................................................................................................. 31
4.8 Housekeeping at Road Construction Site ......................................................... 31

Page 31

Guidelines for Construction Activities at Night

31

traffic management devices arrangement pictures taken from Guidelines for Works
Related to Public Utility Installations within the Road Reserve published by Road
Engineering Association of Malaysia.

4.7 Flaggers

Flagging operators are at risk of fatal accident or serious injury due to collisions with
oncoming vehicles especially during night time road construction. Aside from providing
the compulsory PPE such as retroreflective apparels, employers should consider the
arrangement of work area and work area illumination requirement as well as warning
signage to alert oncoming motorist. The following procedures should allow employers to
help ensuring the safety and health of flagger operators:

i) Attention should be given to proper instruction of all personnel who are flaggers,
starting with the basics of flagging. New flaggers should have a special
introductory training session and all flaggers need periodic reminders as well as
close supervision. For basic flagging instructions please refer to Annex N .

ii) Flaggers should be visible, always face traffic and be prepared to warn the worker
to get out of the way if necessary. Do not allow other workers to gather near the
flagger. During lunch or other breaks, flaggers should leave their station so that
drivers will know that the flaggers are not on duty, and not think they are ignoring
their duties.

iii) Whenever a flagger is on duty, the advance flagger sign, “PENGAWAL
BENDERA DI HADAPAN ___m ” should be displayed to traffic. When a flagger is
not on duty remove or cover the sign.

iv) Schedule both work and relief hours for flaggers, and replacement flaggers should
be available. It is recommended to have a few trained flaggers available for
replacement so that each flagger can have shorter working intervals. Choose
flaggers, who are alert, have good eyesight, quick reflexes and a thorough
understanding of their job.

v) Flaggers work area should be provided with sufficient illumination and suitable
illumination equipment. It should not cause excessive glare to the flagger and the
oncoming traffic.

vi) Mannequins/robots can be useful to substitute human flaggers but only for simple
instruction such as alerting traffic to slow down or providing warning of work in
progress ahead of traffic.



4.8 Housekeeping at Road Construction Site


Construction operations will be more efficient when the work area is orderly and tidy.
Observance of the following points will make road works safer and reduce the potential
for accidents:

i) The site roadway and employee and public access routes should be defined to
the fullest extent possible. Employees have been run over by trucks or plant
which they have not heard approaching because of site noise or other
distractions.

Page 32

Guidelines for Construction Activities at Night

32

ii) Plant and materials should be located in areas which do not obstruct traffic or limit
driver vision.

iii) Materials should be stored in an orderly manner that will prevent them falling and
spreading, with easy access provided.

iv) All spills of oil should be cleaned up or covered with sand. Areas which have
become waterlogged or churned up, and over which people, plant and machinery
have to pass should be provided with a sound working surface by drainage
improvement, metalling or other means.

v) Sand and debris which could make the road slippery should be regularly clean or
sprayed with water to prevent accidents especially for motorcyclist.

Page 62

Annex S(iii)

62

Page 63

Annex S(iv)

63

Similer Documents