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TitleIR - 2
TagsPublic Sphere Morality International Politics International Relations Sociological Theories
File Size135.9 KB
Total Pages14
Document Text Contents
Page 1

ApproApproaches of Study aches of Study of of 

International RelationsInternational Relations

Page 8

Realist ApproachRealist Approach

•• The realistic approach was propounded by HansThe realistic approach was propounded by Hans
J.Morgentheu and George Kenna Spykman areJ.Morgentheu and George Kenna Spykman are
leading exponents of this theory.leading exponents of this theory.

•• According to Morgenthau, the approach to the studyAccording to Morgenthau, the approach to the study
of international relations should take into considerof international relations should take into consider
ration human nature as it is actually is, and not whatration human nature as it is actually is, and not what
it ought to be.it ought to be.

•• It is human nature which is reflected at theIt is human nature which is reflected at the
international level under the name of foreign policyinternational level under the name of foreign policy
of a state.of a state.

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ii.ii. The Bipolar System :-The Bipolar System :-
•• According to Kaplan, the unstable balance of pAccording to Kaplan, the unstable balance of power system changesower system changes

itself Into a bipolar system. Kaplan conceives of two types itself Into a bipolar system. Kaplan conceives of two types of bipolarof bipolar
systsystem. They em. They are :-are :-

1.1.The Loose Bipolar The Loose Bipolar systsystem ( em ( The USA and the USSR)The USA and the USSR)

non-member actors : ( The Non-aligned non-member actors : ( The Non-aligned statstates ) and the es ) and the UniversalUniversal
actor ( The UNO )actor ( The UNO )

2.The Tight Bipolar System : Between USA and USSR.2.The Tight Bipolar System : Between USA and USSR.

iii.iii.The The Universal Universal InternatioInternational nal System: System: UNOUNO

Iv . Hierarchical International SystIv . Hierarchical International System em : The : The establishment of Worldestablishment of World
Government.Government.

V . Unit Veto system : The unit veto system would remain stable only if V . Unit Veto system : The unit veto system would remain stable only if 
all the actors are prepared to resist threats and retaliate in case of all the actors are prepared to resist threats and retaliate in case of 
an attack.an attack.

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